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    Let’s Learn The French Imperative!

    From the moment you start comprehending language, the first few things you start understanding are commands. Whether it is your mother asking you to not bite on toys or your father commanding you to not watch T.V. for long. These instructions are said in what is known as the imperative verb or the ‘imperatif’ as known in French. 

    Let’s Learn The French Imperative!
    By Sami
    2 weeks ago
    Let’s Learn Imperative!

    French Grammar French Lessons

    Let’s Learn The French Imperative!

It could range from giving an advice on picking an outfit to making a polite request for keeping quiet to expressing a desire about an ambition and maybe recommending a film. Our world is indeed surrounded by imperatives. Let’s indulge a bit further.

Rules of Imperative Verb

1.The subject pronouns – Je (I), Tu (You), Il/Elle/On (He/She/One), Nous (We), Vous (You: Formal/Plural), Ils/Elles (They), are eliminated from the sentence and only object pronouns are employed instead – me/moi (me), la (her/it) and leur (them).

2.The forms that are commonly used are Tu, Vous and at a lower frequency rate Nous. However, only their indicative forms are mentioned and not them.

Verbs Ending in -er

(Aimer)

Verbs Ending in -ir

(Choisir)

Verbs Ending in -re

(Prendre)

Tuaimechoisiprends
Nousaimonschoisissonsprenons
Vousaimezchoisissezprenez

Example:
Prenons un taxi! (Let’s take the taxi)
Parle moi! (Talk to me)

* By now you must be well versed with conjugation and so aware of the fact that Tu has infinitive ending with -s. However, in imperative that rule isn’t followed as can be observed with ‘aime’ or ‘parle’. The -s only makes entry in imperative when the verb is followed by ‘y’ or ‘en’.

Some Bonus Information

  • Irregular verbs as usual have their own forms. Let’s look at one below:

Imperative Form of Savoir
Tusache
Noussachons
Voussachez

* Without the presence of ‘en’ or ‘y’, Tu has the ending -s.

  • A useful trick to remember is think ‘affir’ as after, since they sound similar and remember that object pronouns come after the verb. And the negative will be opposite.

  • There are chances when both direct – le, la, les and indirect – moi, toi, nous, vous, lui, leur are there. Here, the direct object pronoun will come first.

Example:
Laissez-les m’atteindre! (Let them get to me!)

Affirmative Imperative Commands

Under this concept, the direct object pronouns follow the verb instead of being before it (as it usually is). There is a ‘hyphen’ that separates the two as well.

Example:
Regarde-le (chat) (Look at it)

* In this example the object pronoun is le which substitutes for the object of the sentence –le chat.

Negative Imperative Commands

This is the reverse of affirmative where the object pronouns are placed before the verb. The usual structure of ‘ne…pas’ is also used.

Example:
S’il-te-plaît, ne me quitte pas! (Please, don’t leave me!)

*In here, me is the object pronoun which comes before the verb infinitive –quitte.

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