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At the end of this article you’ll find our quiz on French Passive Voice → Oke, bawa saya ke Kuis!

Before we learn about how to form the French Passive Voice, let’s first find out exactly what it is.

What is the Passive Voice?

Pertanyaan bagus!

First of all, it’s important to understand that a sentence has two components: a subject and an object. In the active voice, the subject acts on the object. In the passive voice, it’s the opposite: the subject receives the action.
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The easiest way to understand it is that the active voice is what you use to speak in every day conversations, and the passive voice is the opposite.

Sebagai contoh:
Active Voice: I (subject) eat (active verb) pasta (object).
Passive Voice: The pasta (object) is eaten (passive verb) by me (subject).

As you can see,  in the passive voice the action of eating is carried out by the subject.

The active voice is generally preferred because of its ability to make sentences sound less verbose and flowery, and it also sounds the most natural don’t you think?

Often, you’ll find that the subject in the passive voice gets omitted. This means the sentence will look something like:  implies that the sentence will look somewhat like – “The pasta is eaten”; this way it remains passive.

The French Passive Voice

Thankfully, the passive voice in French is similar to its English counterpart.
A passive sentence in English always includes a form of the verb “to be” + a past participle.
For example: This dress is sold in many shops.

In French, a passive sentence is built using a conjugated form of the verb être +a past participle
Sebagai contoh: La robe est achetée par Elena. (The dress is bought by Elena).
Sini: la robe (the dress) is the subject in question, est is a conjugated form of the verb être, dan achetée adalah past participle dari acheter.

Catatan: You’ll most likely only hear the passive voice being used in formal situations in French. You might find it in the likes of academic, scientific or technical writing too.

 

As you’ve probably gathered, it’s important to know your être conjugation table before you begin to tackle the French passive voice. Here’s a quick reminder:

Forming the Passive Voice: Conjugation of Être

Kata gantiHadirMasa lalu yang sederhanaMasa depanTidak sempurnasangat penting
Je (j’)suisfus seraiétais
Tues fus serasétaissois
Il/Elleestfutseraétait
Noussommesfûmesseronsétionssoyons
Vousêtesfûtesserezétiezsoyez
Ils/Ellessontfurentserontétaient
Kata gantiBentuk pengandaianBersyaratHadir Participle

étant

Participle Masa Lalu

été

Je (j’)sois serais
Tusoisserais
Il/Ellesoitserait
Noussoyonsserions
Voussoyezseries
Ils/Ellessoientseraient

Forming the Passive Voice: the Past Participle

To form the passive voice you’ll also need to be confident with your partisip sebelumnya. In need of a reminder too? We’ve got you covered:

  • If the verb ends in -er, the “e” turns into  and the “r” is dropped.
    Contoh: Parler menjadi parlé
  • If the verb ends in -ir, the “i” remains the same and the “r” is dropped.
    Contoh: Choisir menjadi choisi
  • If the verb ends in -re, Yang "re” is dropped and exchanged with a “u”.
    Contoh: Entendre menjadi entendu

Note: The irregular verbs you’ve come across in the perfect tense are juga irregular in the past participle.

Another important past participle rule to remember is that it selalu needs to agree with the gender and number of the subject of the passive verb and not the person doing the action.

Akhir Feminin

Singular: an -e ditambahkan di bagian akhir

Contoh:
parlée
choisie
entendue

Jamak: an -es ditambahkan di akhir

Contoh:
parlées
choisies
entendues

Ujung Maskulin

Singular: tidak ada perubahan

Contoh:
parlé
choisi
entendu

Jamak: an -s ditambahkan di akhir

Contoh:
parlés
choisis
entendus

 

How to Avoid The Passive Voice

Still not keen on using the passive voice? We totally understand, which is why we’ve included this extra section to show you how:

penggunaan c’est

When you want the subject to be the one to carry out the action rather than object, you can use c’est.

Contoh:
Pasif: Le film a été tourné par un étudiant (Film ini diambil oleh seorang siswa)
Aktif: C’est un étuduant qui a tourne le film (It’s a student who shot the film)

Use Reflexive Verbs

Another way of avoiding passive voice is by making use of reflexive verbs. When you have a sentence in which the subject and object are the same, you can use verbs that require to be preceded with se or s’.

Contoh:
Les chapeaux s’achètent à 5 euros chacun (The hats are bought for 5 euros each)

3. Use ‘on'

The last way to avoid the passive voice is to employ the indefinite pronoun on .

Contoh:
On t’a appelé à la maison (Kami memanggil Anda di rumah)

 

And there you have it – absolutely everything you need to know about the French Passive voice!

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French Passive Voice, The French Passive Voice: Learn It The Easy Way

Suara Pasif Prancis

1 / 6

'' Daniel terluka oleh komentar Laura ''

2 / 6

Masukkan kalimat ini ke dalam suara Pasif, '' Ma mère achètera les croissant. ” :

3 / 6

Masukkan kalimat ini ke dalam suara Pasif, '' Le chat attrape la souris. '':

4 / 6

Masukkan kalimat ini ke dalam suara Pasif, '' Les enfants ont arrosé les plantes. '':

5 / 6

Les enfants (tidak ada par / on punis / punissent / ont été punis) oleh leur mère ce matin. 

Bahasa Inggris: Anak-anak dihukum oleh ibu mereka pagi ini.

6 / 6

Masukkan kalimat ini ke dalam suara Pasif, '' Le serveur avait renversé le café. '':

nilaimu adalah

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